The Impact of Footwear on Foot Health

Footwear is not just a fashion statement; it can help maintain your foot health and therefore contribute to your overall wellbeing. The shoes you wear will have an impact on your posture, biomechanics and susceptibility to different foot conditions.

The human foot

Has multiple muscles, bones, tendons and ligaments; these all work together in order to facilitate movement and support the body. There are complex movements that your feet will undergo when you engage in physical activities as well as do something simple as walking. And the type of footwear you choose will influence the biomechanics as they will cushion, support and protect your feet. You can ask a foot specialist or a podiatrist for recommendations on the right footwear. They will make a recommendation depending on your unique biomechanics. When you wear unsupportive footwear, there are many issues that can come up. You will be experiencing discomfort and pain when you wear ill-fitting footwear. And this can also lead to the development of chronic conditions. For example, if you’re wearing tight shoes, it can cause corns, ingrown toenails, blisters etc.

If the shoe doesn’t have sufficient arch support

It will contribute to plantar fasciitis or flat feet. High heels are a fashion statement but consistently wearing this can lead to many issues such as bunions because these put a lot of pressure on the forefoot. Your gait mechanics will be altered as a result of this. When you wear improper footwear for a long time, existing foot issues can be exacerbated and the risk of injury is increased. To maintain your foot health, you need to select the right footwear. You have to consider the fit of the shoes. This means your toes should have sufficient space to wiggle without being too tight or loose. And to check this, you need to see whether there is sufficient space in the toe cox so that the natural splay of your foot is accommodated. Many shoes tend to narrow towards the feet which is something that alludes to its aesthetic appeal. But our natural feet are not tapered like that and wearing shoes that have this shape can affect your feet significantly.

You also need to consider how much arch support is given by the shoe

This should be enough to distribute your weight evenly and reduce strain on the plantar fascia. When you wear supportive shoes, you can prevent over pronation and flat feet. There has to be sufficient cushioning in the footwear so that shock can be absorbed. This will reduce the impact on the joints and feet when you are engaged in high impact activities like jumping or running. You also need to choose a shoe that has a sturdy heel and sole so that you have enough stability. This will reduce the risk for ankle sprains. Consider the material of the shoe as well because you need to have breathable materials that allow air circulation. This will prevent the build-up of moisture so that foot odour and fungal infections can be avoided.

the authorBerryMcewen